At the moment, air travel is the most popular choice for most European destinations. This includes relatively short distances. People often think that flying is faster than travelling by train, but from door-to-door, this usually makes little difference, especially when travelling short distances. And even when train travel times are longer now, they can and should be reduced. So that more international travellers will come to see train travel as the best logical choice.
If we invest in a good European high-speed network, make use of international standards and cooperate internationally, this will save more than half of the CO2 emissions on the sections studied. The emission of particulate matter (NOx) will also be significantly reduced: up to 37% in a European high-speed rail network. But then, the Netherlands will have to make choices.